Activities of Daily Living

Home Occupational Therapy Activities of Daily Living
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Services for Living Your Daily Life

Taylor Physical Therapy’s occupational therapy services are designed to treat a variety of disorders related to physical, cognitive, perceptual and developmental disabilities regardless of age.

Learn More About Occupational Therapy

Whether you need short-term therapy to recover from an injury or need to learn skills to help you live with a prolonged condition, Taylor Physical Therapy can help. Fill out the form below to learn more.


ADL'S and IADL'S 

One standard for defining the areas of Activities of Daily Living is the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, which defines ADLs as "activities that are oriented toward taking care of your own body." The activities are broken down into different areas.

  • Bathing, Showering, Toileting, and Toilet Hygiene
  • Dressing,Personal Hygiene, and Grooming  
  • Eating, Swallowing, Feeding (Feeding refers to setting up, arranging and bringing food to the mouth) 
  • Functional Mobility (Getting from place to place while performing ADLs, such as getting into the tub, getting out of bed, moving from room to room. Functional mobility can refer to getting from place to place under your own power or with the assistance of a wheelchair or other assistive device.)
  • Personal Device Care (Utilizing personal care items: hearing aids, contact lenses, glasses, orthotics, walker, etc.) 

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLS) refer to activities that support daily life and are oriented toward interacting with your environment. IADLs are typically more complex than ADLs. They are important components of home and community life but can be easily delegated to another person.

  • Care of Others
  • Care of Pets
  • Communication Management
  • Driving and Community Mobility
  • Financial Management
  • Health Management and Maintenance
  • Home Establishment and Management
  • Meal Preparation and Clean Ups
  • Religious and Spiritual Activities and Expressions
  • Safety Procedure and Emergency Responses
  • Shopping

 

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ADL (Activities of Daily Living) Retaining/Education

Activities of daily living comprise all of the personal day to day tasks one typically does on a routine basis, such as bathing, dressing, grooming, and toileting, eating, and completing functional transfers.  Sometimes with age, or due to an injury or diagnosis, these routine tasks can become more difficult.  This is when OT can help!

  • OT works with the patient to identify specific needs/deficits in ADL routine
  • Provide education and adaptive techniques to increase independence and ease of completing everyday tasks such as: Bathing, Dressing, Grooming, Toileting
  • Education and/or practice utilizing adaptive equipment
  • Education on safety technique to utilize during ADL routine

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IADL’s (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living)

  • OT can offer recommendations and education regarding adaptive equipment for home use as well as home modifications to enable you to remain in your home as long as possible
  • OT’s can provide a comprehensive home assessment to identify the specific needs of your home/living environment to increase safety and independence
  • Education and adaptive strategies for tasks such as:
    • Medication management
    • Meal preparation
    • Community participation
    • Home maintenance activities such as laundry and housework

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High Level ADL Assessment

  • Assess cognitive functioning
  • Assess ability to safely and independently complete daily tasks such as:
    • Medication management
    • Finances
    • Skills related to driving which are tested in the clinic, such as visual-perceptual skills and reaction time
    • Ability to problem-solve through everyday tasks
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